China is a passive power whose reflex is to shy away from challenges

China is a passive power, whose reflex is to shy away from challenges and hide when international crises erupt

1) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Why? Support your argument with examples and theoretical concepts you have learned this week. 

“China is a passive power, whose reflex is to shy away from challenges and hide when international crises erupt.” 

Your post should exhibit careful thought and logical reasoning and provide evidence for your position. You are also required to read and reply to other students. Your response should offer new substantiated ideas or thoughtful questions. Do not forget to cite! 

2) respond with 5-6 sentences to the peer review: 

China’s primary objective is to have peaceful development. The harmonious world concept is the message being sent out by China. The Chinese Dream termed by Xi Jinping refers to the rejuvenation of economic goals (Kerr & Wiseman, 2018). The goals are centenary and are twofold. One, is to build a prosperous society by 2021 and the second is to build a culturally advance, harmonious, and modern socialist country by 2049 (Kerr & Wiseman, 2018). To achieve these objectives, the Chinese state has made it a point to ensure economic development above all. Therefore, it is no surprise that it uses diplomatic means to further its economic goals, and second, using economic means to further its diplomatic goals (Kerr & Wiseman, 2018). China has made great strides in promoting trade, expanding international and economic cooperation. For example, since participating in the WTO China has engaged with the international community by brokering 14 bilateral free trade agreements by 2015 (Kerr & Wiseman, 2018).China has been determined to join the international system and embraces globalization. The one belt one road initiative that would invest in trade routes connecting China to the rest of Asia, Africa, and the Middle East is another such example.

What the prior examples teach is that China is still fully dedicated to firstly achieving economic prosperity. Additionally, the PRC has applied diplomacy to maintain national interests, primarily those of sovereignty and the preservation of their political system. To these ends, China has mastered strategies such as non-alignment, staying independent, and keeping a low profile (Kerr & Wiseman, 2018). These behaviors and strategies come from an outlined diplomatic framework that contains four major points. They are, relations with great powers is the key, those with the surrounding countries are a priority, those with developing countries are the foundation, while multilateral diplomacy is the new arena (Kerr & Wiseman, 2018). So, the PRC is not afraid to show their teeth when national interests are threatened. Examples can be found in the implementation of the National Security Law in Hong Kong, their assertiveness when challenged on their sovereignty over Taiwan, their border dispute with India in the Himalayas, and their claim to the South China Sea as an exclusive economic zone. On the other hand, the PRC has also demonstrated an aptitude for diplomatic cooperation in seizing an opportunity to establish bilateral trade relations in the CPTPP when the U.S. bowed out of the trade negotiations. China has demonstrated a new direction in international affairs. It has embraced the concept of globalization, has defended national interests vigorously, and has contributed to global governance. Examples of this expanded role include UN peacekeeping operations, antipiracy operations in the Gulf of Aden, counterterrorism measures in Central Asia, overseas development assistance, nonproliferation of nuclear materials, public health, disaster relief, and combating international crime. In these areas, the PRC deserves credit (Shambaugh, 2014). However, the PRC carefully measures these contributions living up to preconceived notions of their passivity and biding time to succeed. A fact attesting to this notion is China’s contribution to the United Nation’s Budget. Their contribution is second only to the United States, and it has systematically increased over the years. However, China contributes half of the U.S. amount and disproportionate according to its size, strength, and importance (, 2020). With newfound importance, It has contributed to world governance but has done so with measured caution. At times it has demonstrated assertiveness primarily with soft-power approaches but has expended efforts from a transactional approach. The CCP is steadfast in maintaining a narrow focus on national interests. These actions and behaviors have been quite consistent and will not be changing any time soon.


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