Cruelty, Slavery, and immigrant farmers in Canada

Cruelty, Slavery, and immigrant farmers in Canada.

You need to focus on the cruelty, abuse, and injustice against the immigrant farmers. You need to focus on the political movements of this matter.

Countries such as Canada highly rely on migrant labor in various sectors including agriculture. However, the migrant farm workers face extremely exploitative and degrading treatment by their employers. Such treatment includes being compelled to perform dangerous jobs, lack of basic safety and health standards, low wages, poor housing conditions, and long work hours. This report explores the cruelty and injustices that migrant farmers face in Canada, as well as some of the political movements committed to bringing an end to these violations.

Migrant Farm workers in Canada

There are many migrant farm workers in Canada from countries such as Jamaica, Mexico, Barbados, and Trinidad and Tobago. Migrant workers from Mexico and the Caribbean are able to work in Canadian greenhouses and fields since 1966 through the Seasonal Agricultural Workers Program (SAWP) program (Basok, Belanger and Rivas 1398). The program was initiated as a result of bilateral agreements between these states and Canada. Foreign workers go to work in Canada for approximately eight months annually and can reapply for new contracts. The workers undergo evaluation by the relevant authorities after each season. The employers often nominate some workers to go back to their farms after the season. The others who are positively evaluated but do not receive nomination from their former employers can be sent to different farms. Farm workers are highly reliant on their employer for work, daily necessities, and future work opportunities in Canada. Another channel of getting foreign workers known as Stream for Low-Skilled Occupations Program (SLSOP) was introduced in Canada in 2002 (Basok et al. 1398). The SLSOP initiative allowed different industries in the agricultural sector to access temporary immigrant workers from more countries (Preibisch and Otero 178).

Migrant farm workers face a precarious situation because of several reasons. Firstly, farm labor is categorized at the bottom of the occupational hierarchy in Canada and mostly does not involve contracts. Moreover, work schedules are unconventional, inconsistent and demanding. Additionally, the wage structures are mainly piecework and hourly, and fulltime positions are few. Therefore, the workers receive very low pay which is below the minimum wage. They also rarely receive benefits such as overtime pay, annual vacation, paid holidays, and paid rest periods. Farm workers are also not allowed to be unionized (Preibisch and Otero 179).


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