Disruptive, Impulse-Control, and Conduct Disorders

Disruptive, Impulse-Control, and Conduct Disorders

            Collectively, Disruptive, Impulse-Control, and Conduct Disorders (DICCD) comprise emotional and behavior disorders. The disorders are prevalent among young children and adolescents. They are mental disorders that are characterized by emotional and self-control issues. Young children and adolescents who suffer from these disorders are unable to control their emotional and behavior responses. Individuals with DICCD manifest undesirable behaviors that negatively affect their daily lives, and also the lives of those close to them. This report explores the history, types, symptoms, diagnosis, causes, prevention, treatment, and effects of DICCD.


            DICCD were first included in the fifth revision of DSM in 2013 after the creation of a new chapter of disorders (Grant & Leppink, 2015). The new category in DSM 5 was given the name DICCD because it consisted of a combination of different disorders presenting problems with self control with regard to emotions, behaviors, and impulsivity. Most of the disorders included in this category were from two different sections. The first section was called Disorders Usually First Diagnosed in Infancy, Childhood, or Adolescence, and it contained conduct disorder, oppositional defiant behavior, and disruptive behavior disorder not otherwise specified. The category of disruptive behavior disorder not otherwise specified was eliminated from DSM 5 and is now referred to as Specified and Unspecified Disruptive, Impulse-Control, and Conduct Disorder. The second section was known as Impulse Control Disorder not otherwise Specified, and it included pyromania, intermittent personality disorder, and kleptomania. Antisocial personality disorder was also given dual disorders listing. Thus, the DSM 5 section of DICCD includes oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, kleptomania, antisocial personality disorder, pyromania, intermittent explosive disorder, and other specified/unspecified disruptive, impulsive, and conduct disorders (Grant & Leppink, 2015).

Categories, Symptoms, and Diagnostic Criteria

                DICCD comprises oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), intermittent explosive disorder (IED), conduct disorder (CD), kleptomania, antisocial personality disorder (ASPD), and pyromania. Symptoms associated with these disorders emerge during the normal stages of childhood development.


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