Food Safety Management principles

Food Safety Management principles

The FDA Food Safety Modernisation on Act (FSMA) of 2011 stipulates that the health of humans and animals should be protected by ensuring the safety of food processed and feed supply.   In 2013, the European food industry was affected by the ‘Horsegate’ scandal which saw beef products being recalled from the market due to contamination with non-declared animal species. The scandal centred on a number of processing plants that were certified under Global Food Safety Initiative (GFSI) schemes and underwent regular technical audits from large food retailers. The focus of GFSI is to monitor issues around food safety management standards. It includes systems, good practices for manufacturing, distribution and Hazard analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP). It also lays down the requirements that should be upheld in the auditing and certification process. However, GFSI does not undertake auditing or specification. The scandal was referred to as ‘Horsegate’ since horse’s DNA was found in beef burgers sold to consumers.

The principles of auditing are necessary for any auditor to follow since they assist in coming up with reliable and relevant auditing conclusions. It also provides a framework whereby different independent auditors can arrive at similar conclusions.

Thermisation is the process of treating raw milk by applying heat in order to reduce organisms present in the milk and to allow the milk to be stored longer prior to advance processing. It is done so since some dairies cannot be able to do the processing of milk all at once after reception.

Food safety events of disease outbreaks, even with the adoption of the framework for risk analysis by the European commission, have not been completely absent in the area of jurisdiction for control by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). Efficacy in risk assessment is still not completely accurate. For example in the year 2011, an outbreak of infections related to a pathogen referred to as Escherichia coli 0104:H4 (STEC 0104: H4) got reported in Germany, which also has gotten identified in minute occurrences, in 11 European countries (Davis and Anand, 2012).


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