Nuclear Energy and its future as the alternative energy of choice

Nuclear Energy and its future as the alternative energy of choice

Before the earthquake and tsunami that hit northern Japan in March 2011 nuclear energy had been undergoing a revival, with concerns&encourage its increased use.Given the risks&benefits what is the future for nuclear energy as an alternative energy

Nuclear energy has presented both extensive benefits and novel opportunities for the energy sector, but in the contemporary world the positive implications have not come without exposure to risks. In the modern world, the level of energy needs globally increase each and every year due to the expanding industrial needs, increasing population levels and growing economic-production. Previously, the primary sources of energy have been fossil fuels, which in the long-term continue to cause atmospheric pollution while contributing to the green-house effect in the face of climate change. Nuclear energy use is faced by some problems and includes danger of radiation emissions in accidents, toxic radioactive wastes, and risk proliferation of nuclear weapons. The infrastructure that is required in setting up nuclear plants is expensive to install due to the complex radiation containment systems and processes, even if the cost of nuclear-energy production is low. Nuclear power has transformed the energy sector in powering economic development especially in industrial operations.

Within the research, a myriad of other problems have been identified that limit the adoption of nuclear power among most developed and developing countries depending on the factors at play in those nations. A general public belief is that if nuclear power supply is augmented there will be an elevated risk of nuclear accidents, nuclear fuel waste management challenges, and radioactive emissions (Hester et al., 2011). It has been well documented that the associated routine health risks and carbon/ green-house gas release emissions (from the fission reaction) are relatively minimal on comparison to those emitted to coal and other fossil fuels. However, the catastrophic risks that happen after lengthy periods such as nuclear weaponry development and overheated fuel release to surroundings, still pose a highly-perceived danger (Choi et al., 2000).


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