Police Violence in the United States vs. United Kingdom

Police Violence in the United States vs. United Kingdom

Police violence refers to the law enforcement officers’ abuse of authority through the unnecessary use of excessive force in the conduct of their duties. There are several types of violence that are perpetrated by the police against the civilians. One of them is the excessive use of force, which includes roughing up civilians, hitting, improper takedowns, hitting handcuffed people, using tasers, beating them with batons, and shooting. Police also engage in activities such as unreasonable searches, false arrests or imprisonment, and malicious prosecution which subject the civilians to embarrassment and emotional stress without a legitimate basis. This report analyses the policing systems in the U.S. and U.K. and highlights the similarities and differences between them. Moreover, the incidence of police violence in the two countries is compared and solutions to eliminate brutality by law enforcement officers proposed.

            There are similarities and differences between the systems of policing in the U.S. and the U.K. Firstly, the system of policing in the U.K. and U.S. is decentralized. The police organization in the U.K. comprises three branches. The branches include the England and Wales Police Force consisting of 43 constabularies, Northern Ireland’s Royal Ulster Constabulary, and Scotland which is administered through eight regional forces (Ebbe, 2013). On the other hand, the U.S. has over 200 police forces. There is a police force in each county, city, and state. Moreover, there are police forces in colleges and universities, as well as many companies and businesses. In addition, there are federal law enforcement bodies such as the FBI, Secret Service, United States Marshals, Drug Enforcement Agency, and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (Ebbe, 2013).

            In the U.S., there are diverse police departments classified as Big City, State Capital, Tourist City, and Mid-State. The categories represent communities of approximately two million with approximately 4000 police officer establishments. In the UK, there is a higher police officer establishment and police population per unit area than in the U.S. (Ebbe, 2013). Although the two countries practice community policing, there are several differences. Many U.S. departments practice problem-solving at lower rank levels whereas there is poor low rank involvement in England (Ebbe, 2013).


 

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